Several Progressive politicians have pounced on corporate share buybacks lately. They see buybacks as a major source of income and wealth inequality, subpar capital spending, and lackluster productivity. In their opinion, buybacks have contributed greatly to the stagnation of the standards of living of most Americans in recent years. So they want to limit buybacks or even ban them.
Some of Wall Street’s stock-market bears have been growling about buybacks as well. They’ve been arguing that buybacks have rigged the stock market in favor of the bulls. They claim that companies buy back their stock to boost their share prices, using debt to finance this dubious activity. As a result, corporate balance sheets have become increasingly leveraged, which makes them vulnerable to a recession. Widespread corporate leverage, in turn, would exacerbate any economic downturn. The bears therefore remain bearish and expect to be vindicated with a vengeance, eventually.
In this study, Edward Yardeni and Joseph Abbott show that the facts don’t support either narrative. The most common reason that S&P 500 companies buy back their shares is to offset the dilution in the number of shares outstanding that results when employee compensation takes the form of stock options and stock grants that vest over time, not just for top executives but for many employees. In effect, the ultimate source of funds for most stock buybacks is the employee compensation expense item on corporate income statements, not bond issuance as the bears contend.
The authors explain that the bull market in stocks has boosted buybacks to a greater extent than buybacks have boosted the market, whereas the opposite is more widely believed. Rising stock prices increase the attractiveness of paying some of employees’ compensation with stock grants. Buybacks then are necessary to offset the dilution of earnings per share. While the latest bull market, like previous ones, has been driven by rising earnings, it’s a Wall Street legend that earnings per share have been boosted artificially and significantly by stock buybacks. It may seem that way only because what lift buybacks have provided to stock prices is highly visible, occurring in the open market, whereas companies’ need to offset stock issuance with stock repurchases is less apparent.
The authors also refute Progressives’ pervasive narrative that most Americans’ standards of living have stagnated in recent decades and that buybacks per se have worsened income inequality.
- For those who would love to make a little extra cash or have a new career based from the comfort of your own home, consider investing in the stock market. By doing some research about the fastest growing companies, as well as, reading up on helpful tips, can help you to become successful.
One of the finest things you can do to stay ahead of the curve is talk with a stock expert. Stockbrokers or friends who succeed with stocks are good people to speak with, as they often know which companies are the best to invest in. Learn from the experts to become one yourself!
When it comes to investing, make sure you’re educated. Learn the basics of accounting and stock market history. If you’re not educated, you won’t be able to make money and you’ll look like a fool. You don’t need a four year accounting degree or anything fancy, but take the time to learn the necessary information.
For some fun in investing in stocks, take a look at penny stocks. The term applies not just to stocks worth pennies, but most stocks with values less than a few dollars. Since these stocks come dirt cheap, even a movement of a dollar or two can yield major dividends. This can be a low cost way of learning the markets.
Save money by trading online. Search online for firms that offer cheap stock trading. Quite often, their fees are much lower than traditional brokerage firms. A regular broker will usually charge a high commission, just to make a simple stock trade on your behalf. If possible, try to pay between $7 and $10 per trade.
Adjust your margin of safety based on the reputation, profitability, and size of a particular company. While businesses like Google or Johnson & Johnson are hardy and tend to stick around, there are certain companies that may do very well for a while before crashing. Keep this in mind when selecting stocks.
Make sure that you are properly educated before investing in the stock market. You need to have a basic knowledge of accounting, annual reports and the stock market history. There is no need to be an actual accountant, though the more understanding you have, the better off you will be.
Be prepared for the long haul. Serious and successful traders consider a stock’s long-term possibilities in both bull and bear markets. Patience is an absolute must if you are going to be able to resist the urge to part with stocks prematurely. If you panic-sell a stock and it rises higher, you’re only going to be sorry.
Use rating systems cautiously in a bear market. These rating systems may be untrustworthy during this time, and you could wind up losing a lot of money if you rely solely on them. Instead of using them as a guide, use them a means of secondary information and factor the rating into your decisions with a grain of salt.
If you want to pick the least risky stock market corners, there are several options to look for. Highly diversified mutual funds in stable and mature industries are your safest bet. Safe individual stocks would include companies that offer dividends from mature business and large market caps. Utilities are non-cyclical businesses that are very safe. The dividends are almost as reliable as clockwork, but the growth potential is negligible.
Learning about the stock market can be a long process, but the benefits will pay off in the end. There are several benefits to investing, including being able to research successful companies and making extra money from home. Remember the tips in this article, if you want to successfully profit from stock investments!